REED Civic London 1558-1642
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The Midsummer Watch was one of London’s oldest civic celebrations and a precursor to today’s Lord Mayor’s Show.
Whifflers were ubiquitous in early modern pageantry. The OED defines a whiffler as ‘one of a body of attendants armed with a javelin, battle-axe, sword, or staff … employed to keep the way clear for a procession or at some public spectacle’. For London events, the livery companies appointed a number of whifflers (generally fourContinue reading “STAND CLEAR FOR THE WHIFFLERS!”
On 24th November 1588 Elizabeth I attended a sermon at St Paul’s cathedral to mark the defeat of the Spanish Armada. Since this was close to the date of her Accession Day anniversary (17th November), considerable ceremonial activity accompanied the Queen’s visit to the City. The event is recorded in Stow and Howes’s Annales ofContinue reading “Saved from the Armada”